3 Stages of Buying a Property

Are you buying a property the right way? A typical buyer will go through three stages in any property purchase and by going through these sequentially; he will have the right financial and psychological preparation to get the best deal for himself.

Stages of Buying (6)
3 Stages of Buying a Property

Reality Check –Should I buy?

A trigger event must have happened that cause you to start thinking about buying a property. Whether is it hearsay from your colleagues making good profit from property or to get a larger house for your parents to stay in together. Hold your horses!

Before you start jumping into stage two to start searching for a property, the very first question you should ask yourself is “am I eligible to buy a property?” There are more than handful criteria but here are three important ones.

Eligibility to purchase

Buying a property is not straightforward (even if you are loaded with cash) due to the complex policies to maintain a sustainable property market. For e.g, if you are a foreigner or Singapore Permanent resident (SPR), you will need approval from the Land Dealings Approval Unit in order buy a restricted property to stay in. Other than citizenship, the list goes on as follows which I shall not go into detail in this post:

  1. Citizenship
  2. Age
  3. Property type (Public new, Public resale, Private restricted, Private non-restricted)
  4. Loan quantum approval
  5. Current ownership of private property (for purchase of public housing)
  6. Income ceiling (for purchase of public housing)
  7. Bankruptcy

Opportunity cost

If the sum is not spent on the property what can you do better with it otherwise? Buy a car? Or start a business?

Buyers have to note that the opportunity cost does not come from the one time down payment or monthly mortgage only, other cost such as renovation, furniture, maintenance cost and bills are not small sum as well.


Timing refers to not just about market timing, but more on individual’s timing in life. Ask yourself, what major plans do you have in the next 5 years? Getting married, planning your first child, oversea work assignment, your child moving out to his matrimony home, parents retiring and the list goes on.

Once you have figured out your 5 year plan, you will see that there is no need to wait for the bottom of the property price dip because no one really knows. For a long term investment that is of heterogeneous characteristic, the best time to buy is always now, if not yesterday.

The Search – What can I buy?

Once you have convinced yourself (and/or your partner) in reality checking stage, you are now ready to move to stage two: The Search.

For many of you, you will spend so much time on this till you get so tired and could make a less wise decision. There are two key items that will make your life easier; to make your search more effective you have to identify the purpose of this purchase and to make the search more efficient you will need a good decision matrix.


The purpose has to be clear for a meaningful purchase. There has to be one goal in your 5 year plan that will qualify to be your purpose of this purchase. It could as simple as “to get a larger house for my parents to stay together”. Once that is decided, you can start by asking yourself the following questions, which will then be the factors for the decision matrix:

  1. To stay or to rent out
  2. Preferred location (to parents, children, office etc)
  3. Rooms count and space (balcony, yards, garden, pool etc)
  4. Facilities

Decision matrix

A decision matrix is a simple pair wise comparison which ranks the factors in ascending order to help you decide whether if a property is buy or no buy for you, in a systematic manner. These factors are highly subjective and the same property may have varying outcome for different buyer profiles. Note that these factors must be related the attribute of the property excluding the price tag. Here are some examples:

  1. Specific location (Redhill)
  2. < 10 mins walk to public transport
  3. < 10 mins drive to office
  4. Unblocked view

Each of these factors will be compared to one another using the matrix shown as follow. For each empty cell, if the factor on the vertical axis is more important than the factor on the horizontal axis, I will indicate “1”. Otherwise, you will see “0”, which means the factor on the horizontal axis is more important. Once the entire table is filled up, you can then sum up the score horizontally to see the final score for each factor and the larger the score is, the more important the factor is to you.

Pairwise comparison 3
Pairwise Comparison Matrix

This matrix works best if you have 8 to 10 factors. I have put this matrix in a simple excel file that is available for download here.

If you would like to show appreciation, you may show it by liking my Facebook Page 🙂

Seal the Deal – How do I buy?

Finally at the last stage, you have come a long way and you are so close to getting the property in your hands. Here are some points to keep in mind to ensure that you are in for the best deal.

DIY or Agent

Say you have done your decision matrix well, you are now reading through the details of several new launch condominiums that are within your budget and finally after rounds of discussion with your partner, you both finally made a decision on one condominium (better if you have already narrowed it down to exactly which stack). On the launch day, you are served by a customer service officer onsite with the showroom presentation and purchase paperwork. The deal was sealed within a day, he got his commission and you have your property. This is how your DIY property adventure comes to an end.

Let’s turn back time a little now, say you have a property agent in your circle and you consulted him on your property purchase intention early, you would have receive a pretty comprehensive analysis of a few condominiums that suit your needs. On the launch day, this agent will accompany you to the showroom and handle most of the paper work as well. Finally the same commission is paid to this agent whom you have spent many days with. This is your property adventure with your agent. This is the start of your long term endeavor in real estate, building up a professional relationship with your agent who not only understands your needs but provides sound and timely advice to real estate.


A successful property transaction is always about matching price points of two parties. The selling or buying price range for a specific property is very critical as it could mean a make it or break it situation. In order to get the price point (range) right, it requires substantial amount of work, and ideally with the help of a professional agent. If the price point (and range) has no intersection with the opposite party, the negotiation will not be fruitful and the best way out is actually to walk away early, see the illustration in the next section.

You have to keep in mind that the price point and range will change as time passes if the property is still not sold, hence do still keep this property in your watch list.


Skillful negotiation comes into play when then selling and asking price range intersects, the greater the overlap the easier the deal can be sealed. Whether who will gain more out of the negotiation will largely depend on the negotiator’s skills and strategy. If you are not a skillful negotiator, I would suggest that you engage an agent with such skills especially in the situation when there is little overlap in the two price ranges, as shown in the following illustration.

Selling and Asking price (5)
Selling and Asking Price of a Property


Finally, when both parties have come to an agreed price, what is left is the long list of paperwork as follows, which I will not go into detail;

  1. Option to purchase (and 1% option fee payment)
  2. Legal requisition
    • Check property has no outstanding tax and payment
  3. Caveat emptor
  4. Sales and Purchase Agreement
  5. Legal completion
    • Apply for Certificate of Titles


All in all, your property purchase journey is strongly dependent on how early you take the first step, how well you understand your intention and the factors affecting your decision and finally whether you have gathered sufficient professional armor before going in to close the deal.



2 thoughts on “3 Stages of Buying a Property

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s